Heart diseases can be devastating and life-threatening problems. They are responsible for causing sudden cardiac arrest, aneurysms, and peripheral artery disease. Increasing cases of smoking, obesity, inactivity, high blood pressure, and diabetes are the most factors that put individuals at risk of heart problems.
Even though some issues are inevitable, like hereditary heart disease, a cardiologist Bakersfield, CA, has a vital role in addressing these conditions. If you are unaware of the common types of heart diseases, do not worry because this article covers you. Below are some of the top six heart diseases according to cardiologists.
1. Heart Attack
A heart attack happens when your heart muscle is blocked from the oxygen it requires to function effectively. The issue can occur if the blood flow supplying oxygen is reduced or blocked completely, mainly due to atherosclerosis. Other factors that can lead to this include slow plaque buildup that consists of cholesterol, fat and other components in the coronary arteries.
2. Heart Failure
When your heart cannot pump blood effectively, the heart muscles cannot meet the body’s need for oxygen and blood. As a result, your body develops symptoms such as breathing difficulties and fatigue. This shortness and fatigue make it hard to carry out daily activities such as climbing stairs or walking.
3. Congenital Heart Conditions
This condition occurs if your heart structure is abnormal or defective when a fetus develops inside the womb. As a result, the child may be born with one or many defects. You should contact your cardiologist immediately because some heart defects can be life-threatening instantly to the child or in the future.
Angina is a symptom of coronary heart disease but not an illness. The discomfort or pain occurs in your arm, neck, chest, jaw, or stomach when blood supply to the heart is restricted. The condition informs you that your heart does not receive sufficient oxygen when under stress or doing something strenuous. The restriction mainly happens when the arteries are narrowed.
5. Heart Valve Problems
Heart valve problems can comprise several different abnormalities. Stenosis refers to a valve in the heart failing to open well to facilitate effective blood flow. Besides, Regurgitation happens when your heart valve closes incorrectly, causing blood to leak. Similar to heart arteries, valves in the heart also require functioning properly to avoid life-threatening complications.
Stroke is known to be a heart disease condition because it centers near blood flow. Nevertheless, stroke occurs due to complications with blood flow but the heart itself. For example, ischaemic strokes happen for around 87% of all strokes because of blockage in your blood vessels supplying oxygen and blood to the brain. Lack of blood and oxygen in parts of your brain can experience damage or die off if not treated instantly.
Have you been paying the consequences of heart diseases, such as breathing shortness or discomfort? Do not let these concerns hinder you from doing what you like anymore. Many healthcare institutions near you deliver comprehensive treatment for conditions that can adversely affect your heart. Therefore, you should consult a cardiologist to understand measures you can embrace to reduce the chances of developing heart complications.